Choosing an appropriate trade
The occupation/trade that TEVETA facilitates in all technical colleges follows a modular Competency Based Education and Training (CBET) system. The trades are as outlined below.
• Automobile Mechanics
It combines the work of a motor vehicle mechanics and auto electric mechanics. The work involves maintenance of all types of motor vehicles. It involves dismantling car parts, repairing or fitting-in of new parts and repairing of the complete wiring system of a car.
nvolves proper laying of bricks, hollow tiles and similar building blocks including stone in the construction of solid and cavity walls of a structure. The programme also involves plastering of walls and surfaces.
• Carpentry and Joinery
Carpentry and Joinery is divided into two categories-workshop operations and site work. Workshop operation consists of setting out and assembling doors, windows, stairs, and timber etc. Site work consists of the setting out and fixing of rough-sawn timber in the construction of roofs, floors and the like.
Electricians are usually engaged in the installation of lighting, heating and power equipment and the repairing of existing equipment and appliances, factory plants, machinery and generating equipment.
• Fabrication and Welding
It is an engineering trade concerned with the joining of metal pieces or articles by heating the edges until they melt and fuse together using flames, electric arcs and other methods for the purpose of joining and penetration. Welding has replaced the traditional methods of joining metal such as riveting and bolting.
• General Fitting
This deals with all types of industrial plants and machinery. In plant maintenance, a fitter may have to dismantle and fit new parts. At times the fitter may have to make these parts as well.. In their work, general fitters use heavy machines such as lathes, shaping machines, drilling and milling machines to produce the parts.
• Painting and Decoration
This involves preparation and painting or papering walls, ceilings and industrial equipment.
This involves the preparation, assembling, installation and maintenance of pipes, fittings and fixtures of drainage and sanitary systems. This also involves the joining of pipes, testing for leakages and carrying out reparation and maintenance work on heating and ventilation systems.
A printer is involved in various activities in printing industry to produce newsprint and books and the like.
• Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
It involves maintenance and repairing of all types of refrigeration and air conditioning systems such as domestic, commercial, marine and industrial. These include such items as household, hotel, shop refrigerators, deep freezers, hospitals, cooling plants, refrigerated transport, cold rooms and the like.
• Vehicle Body Repairing
This trade involves panel beating services when vehicles are bashed up during an accident to make them smooth and spray painting.
• Wood Work Machining
It involves the cutting and machining of components or parts for side boards, tables, cabinets and chairs. A machinist also assembles and unassembled joinery. Sets up and maintains joinery machinery.
• Water Plant Operator
This involves equipping trainees with skills to operate ground and surface water pumps, maintain water plants, and treat surface and ground water Conserve forests. The course started as an in-house tailor-made program for Lilongwe Water Board and later was formalised and extended to other boards in the country. The targeted beneficiaries are the plant operators with view to improve their skills for better services and also for recognition for remuneration. Currently a good number of plant operators from all the water boards have been trained and certified.
The tailoring curriculum aims at enabling a trainee use tailoring machines, cut cloth, take measurements, and make patterns, altering patterns and construct garments. Currently the courses are offered at Phwezi Women Training Centre, St. John of God in Mzuzu and other centres countrywide doing tailor-made programmes.
• Food Production
The curriculum aims at equipping a trainee with skills to prepare various types of foods, storing foods, butchering meat and observe safety in the kitchen.
Those who go through this training are capable of working efficiently in tourist places like hotels and restaurants.
• Professional Driver
The curriculum is aimed at equipping trainees drive small vehicles and heavy goods, maintain vehicles, pack and unpack cargo, manage cargo, carry dangerous and ordinary cargo, maintain a vehicle and carry out pre-drive checks. Trainees going through this program are capable of transporting goods nationally and internationally.